- What is the format of
the first information report which the police records my complaint on? and what is a Cognizable
- Who can lodge an F.I.R ?
- What about F.I.R on telephone or telegram?
- What is an object of F.I.R
- What if we delay in lodging F.I.R.
- What could be possible reasons of Delay?
- Can your later version become an F.I.R
- What if an accused person lodges an F.I.R himself?
- Let us look at F.I.Rs in different offences
- Who can write the F.I.R
- What are the essentials of F.I.R(11 Ws)
- Description of Culprits in F.I.R
- What is the evidentiary value of F.I.R
- When does F.I.R become substantive evidence
- What happens to the F.I.R finally
- What is a special report? Additional information on
what happens to the F.I.R.s as a follow up.
- What is the format of information in case of
Non-cognizable offence (NCR)?
- What is the difference between Complaint and F.I.R?
- What can you expect from police concerning your
complaint which is not an F.I.R?
- What does police do when complaints are doubtful ?
- What if you furnish false information?
- What if a policeman records wrongly?
- Historical F.I.Rs
- What is the format of the first information report which the police
records my complaint on? and what is an Cognizable offence ?
FORMAT OF THE F.I.R.
Book No. ___________
FORM NO. 24.5 (1)
First Information of a Cognizable Crime Reported
under Section 154, Criminal PenalCode
.................................... District .............................. No
Date and hour of Occurrence .....................
||Date and hour when reported
||Name and residence of
informer and complainant.
||Brief description of offence
(with section) and of property carried off, if any.
||Place of occurence and
distance and direction from the Police Station.
||Name & Address of the
||Steps taken regarding
investigation explanation of delay in regarding information.
||Date and Time of despatch
from Police Station.
(First information to be recorded below)
NOTE:- The signature of seal
or thumb impression of the informer should be at the end of the
information and the signature of the Writer of (FIR) should be existed as usual.
The above is the format and below is the
law on the basis of which the cognizable crime is recorded
F.I.R. ON AUTHENTIC INFORMATION
The information given to the Police Officer for
registration of a case must be authentic. It should not be gossip but should be traced to an
individual who should be responsible for imparting information. It may be hearsay but the
person in possession of hearsay should mention the source of information and take
responsibility for it. An irresponsible rumour should not result in registration of F.I.R.
2) WHO CAN LODGE AN F.I.R.?
(1) Complainant who is an aggrieved person or
some body on his behalf.
(2) By any person who is aware of the offence (a)
as an eye witness and (b) as an hearsay account.
(3) Provided the person in possession of the
hearsay is required to subscribe his signautre to it and mention the source of his information
so that it does not amount to irresponsible rumour. The rule of law is, if general law is
broken any person has a right to complain whether he has suffered an injury or not.
(a) By the accused himself.
(b) By the SHO on his own knowledge or
information even when a cognizable offence is committed in view of a officer incharge he can
register a case himself and is not bound to take down in writing any information. Under the
order of Magistrate uls 156 (3) Criminal Procedure code, when a complaint is forwarded to
officer incharge without taking cognizance. If information is only hear say, then SHO should
register case only if person in posses- sion of hearsay subscribes his signature to it and
mentions the source of his information so that it does not amount to irresponsible rumour. The
information must be definite, not vague, authentic, not baseless, gossip or rumour, clearly
making out a cognizable case.
4) The information is only by a medical
certificate or doctor's ruqqa about arrival of the injured, then he (SHO) should enter it in
daily diary and go to hospital for recording detailed statement of injured.
(Q. 3) WHAT
ABOUT F.I.R. ON TELEPHONE OR ON TELEGRAMME ?
Legally a case may not be registered
(a) as there is always a doubt about its
(b) as it does not satisfy the tests of Section
154 Criminal Procedure Code being not an oral statement reduced into writing; read over,
admitted correct and signed by the informer. Message to the police on telephone that an
injured person was lying amount to FIR (Sukharam Vs. State of Maharashtra (1969) 3 SCC, 730.
On receipt of telegram in railways case may
be registered. Normally enquiry should be made and on receipt of an original telegram which
contains the thumb impression or signatures, case may be registered.
Officer incharge should begin to
write FIR in the First Information Report Register at the dictation of the informer. According
to para 24.5 Punjab Police Rules, the register shall be a printed book consisting of 200
pages and shall be completely filled in before a new one is started. Cases shall bear
annual serial number in such Police Station for each calendar year. Every four pages of the
register shall be numbered with the same number and shall be written at the same time by
carbon copying process. The original copy shall be a permanent record of Police Station. The
other three copies shall be submitted to (a) Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commisioner of
Police or other Gazetted Officer nominated by him (b) to the Metropolitan Magistrate empowered
to take cognizance of the offence as is required by Sec. 157 Criminal Procedure Code. (c) one
to the complainant. The seal of the Police Station shall be put on every copy and original.
If an informer refuses to sign the F. I. R. he is
guilty of offence u / s 1 80 Indian Penal Code which is as follows..-
'Whoever refuse to sign on any statement made by
him, when required to sign that statement by a public servant, legally competent to require
that he shall sign that statement, shall be punished with simple imprisontment for a term
which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or
If the Police Officers refuses to enter the FIR
and instead enters in D.D. Register a totally different and false report, he is guilty u/s
177/167/218 IPC which are as follows:-
WHAT IS THE OBJECT OF AN F.I.R. ?
To make a complaint to the police to set the
criminal law in motion. Its secondary though equally important objects is to obtain early
information of an alleged criminal activity.
(Q. 5) WHAT IF WE
DELAY IN LODGING F.I.R. ?
The longer the delay, the stronger the suspicion.
That the case is false wholly or in material particulars, so the delay should satisfactorily
(1) Care should always be taken that the names of
witnesses are mentioned in F.I.R. if the names of P.Ws do not appear in it and they are
examined later on, the presumption is that they were not present at the spot and have been
procured later on.
(2) Care should be taken that all the material
facts are mentioned in FIR(as much available at that time).
(3) Names of the accused persons should occur in
F.I,R. and their parts also. (If information is available at that time).
(4) It is not necessary to put up or cite all the
P.Ws. in court.
(Q. 6) WHAT
COULD BE THE POSSIBLE REASONS OF DELAY ?
Note: Reasons of the delay on the part of
complainant is mentioned as "DOC". Reasons of the dlelay on the part of police/ is
mentioned as "DOP".
1. Physical condition of the informer (DOC).
2. Psychological condition of the informer (DOC).
3. Natural calamities (Both).
4. Distance of place of occurance (Both).
5. Ignorance of law of informer.(DOC).
6. Late detection of commission of crime (DOC).
7. Due to threat, promise and undlue influence
8. Economic & social and undue influence
9. Dispute over the jurisdiction of Police
10. Uncertainity of place of occurrence due to
continuous offence (DOP).
11. Shortage of staff (DOP).
12. Unavoidable departmental formalities
(including delay due to opinion of experts ) (DOP).
Reasons of delay should be explained in the FIR.
(Q.7) CAN YOUR
LATER VERSION BECOME AN F.I.R.?
Any information forming the basis of F.I.R. is
found untrue and the later version given during investigation is found true and challan is put
on that basis, can the later version given in some statement F.I.R is?
The answer is :-
.. FIR will remain the same on which the investigation
was started. The later statement being during investigation, even if found true cannot become
(Q. 8) WHAT IF
AN ACCUSED PERSON LODGES AN F.I.R. HIMSELF ?
Sometimes it so happens that accused after
commission of crime goes to Police Station and lodges an F.I.R, the procedural legal provision
as well as the
Indian Evidence Act are mentioned as under:-.
1. Sec.162 Criminal Procedure Code.
does not hit such F.I.R.
2. Sec.25 Indian Evidence Act, is
applicable if the statement is in the nature of confession but is relevant u/s 21 of the
Indian Evidence Act..
3. Sec.25 of the Indian Evidence Act
"No confession made to a Police Officer shall be proved as against a person accused of
any offence may it be before or after investigation."
4. If the information is
non-confessional, it is admissible against the accused as an admission U/S 18/21 of the Indian
Evidence Act and is relevant.
5. For corroborating the statement
of the maker under section 157 of the Indian Evidence Act.
6. For contradiction of the evidence
of person giving the information U/S 145 of the Indian Evidence Act.
7. For refreshing informers memory
U/S 159 of the Indian Evidence Act.
8. For impeaching the credit o f an
informer U/S 155 of the Indian Evidence Act.
9. For proving the informers conduct
U/S 8 of the Indian Evidence Act.
10. U/S 32(1) of Indian Evidence Act
11. U/S 6 Evidence Act when the
injuries are being caused in the presence of SHO in a Police Station.
12. U/S 160 Evidence Act when the
informer fails to recall his memory the facts, but he is sure the facts were correctly
reported in the FIR at the time he wrote, read it.
13. FIR is a public document
prepared U/S 154 Criminal Procedure Code and a certified copy of it can be given in evidence
U/S 77 of Indian Evidence Act.
14. The FIR by an accused person
cannot be treated as an evidence against any co-accused, as it was lodged by the accused and
not by a witness.
But if information is received that injured had
been shot and had been removed to Hospital, it is sufficient for registration of case.
As such every case depends upon its own
circumstances and the police officer should exercise his own judgement and diligence to test
the information if it is clear, definite and based upon tangible facts to disclose commission
of cognizable or suspicion of commission of a cognizable offence.
(Q. 9) LOOKING
AT F.I.R.s IN DIFFERENT OFFENCES - CONSPIRACY.
In conspiracy cases, a definite information which
justifies registration of case, is fairely after making some enquiries. So it is not on every
information that some persons are conspiring to do an illegal act that an F.I.R. should be
registered. "A police man passes through three stages in conspiracy case; hears something
of interest affecting the public security and which puts him on the alert; makes discreet
enquiries, takes soundings and sets up informations and is in the second stage of enquiry or
look out and finally gathers sufficient information enabling him to hit upon something
definite and that is the state when first information is recorded and then investigation
starts. Hence a preliminary enquiry made by the C.I.D. Police into relative information
floating about as to the existence of the conspiracy, the names and other details of the
conspirators not being known at the time is not investigation carried out u/s 156 Cr.P.C.
F.I.R. need only be registered when information
is definite about conspirators and their acts disclosing commission of cognizable offence.
F.I.R. IN CORRUPTION CASES
In cases of corruption, not registered on traps
laid, but on complaints, always a suitable preliminary enquiry into the allegation, is
required. Such preliminary enquiries are relevant before the registration of case and are
permissible under law. But as soon as it became clear to enquiring officer that the public
servant appeared to be guilty of severe misconduct, it was his duty to lodge F.I.R. and
proceed further in the investigation.
F.I.R. IN MURDER CASES
In murder cases, following types of F.I.R.'s are
recorded by police.
i) When it contains direct evidence of murder on the basis of ocular evidence.
ii) When the Police registers the case minimizing
the offence from murder to 307 or u/s 364 IPC to avoid its despatch to magistrate which
otherwise is essential if case is really registered for murder. This is invariably in those
cases in which the informer is not sure of the culprits and priliminary enquiry is required by
Police to find out the facts and to show that the case was registered properly.
iii) When a dead body identified or unidentified
is recovered, with cause of death which is clear and the injuries are apparent the neck is cut
iv) When only inquest is held to discover the
cause of death and the case is registered after the report of Medical Officer, or after the
receipt of report of chemical examiner etc with re- gard to poison given to the deceased. Only
a report is recorded in Daily Diary at the first instance.
(v) When the death is under suspicious
circumstances and inves- tigation is necessary which otherwise cannot be done without the
registration of case. This is mainly in cases where dead body is not available, but the
circumstances indicate that cognizable offence has occurred.
(Q. 10) WHO
CAN WRITE the F.I.R.?
1) A FIR is always to be -written by an
officer incharge of a Police Station. (Definition of officer in charge is given in Sec. 2
Criminal Procedure Code.).
2) Police officers superior in rank to officer
incharge of a police station may exercise the same powers through the local area to which they
are appointed, as may be exercised by SHO with in the limits of his Police Station.
3) Some times it so happens that the information
is given by the informer to a police officer who is out in the illaqa or to an incharge of a
local police post. Strictly speaking the officers are not officers incharge of a police
station and such information lodged with them are not.reports. These officers record the
statement of the informers and send the same on to the SHO of a Police Station for recording
F.I.Rs. These statements are however admissible U/ S. 157 Evidence Act.
4) Jurisdiction is an essential factor in
registering a FIR.
(Q. 11) WHAT
ARE THE ESSENTIALS OF AN F.I.R?
The recording officer and the complainant should
know to the extent possible, the 11 Ws while recording/reporting the FIR.
1. W - What information has come to convey.
2. W - In what capacity.
3. W - Who committed crime.
4. W - Whom against crime committed.
5. W - When (Time)
6. W - Where(Place)
7. W - Why (Motive)
8. W - Which way (actual occurrence)
9. W - Witnesses.
10. W - What was taken away.
11. W - What traces were left by the accused.
DESCRIPTION OF CULPRITS IN F.I.R.
The recording officer should try to fix clearly
the identity of accused, the P.Ws. and of the stolen property, (to the extent possible).
(Q. 13) WHAT
IS THE EVIDENTIARY VALUE OF F.I.R. ?
FIR being not substantive piece of evidence it
can be used in the following ways : - 9
1 . For corroboration purposes. It can not be
ignored altogether and can be used to corroborate the statement of the eyewitnesses.
2. For contradicting the evidence of person
giving the information.
3. For proving as an admission against the
4. For refreshing informer's memory.
5. For impeaching the credit of an informer.
6. For proving informer's conduct.
7. For establishing identity of accused,
witnesses & for fixing spot time as relevant facts u/s 9 Evidence Act. Cases : 1968 M.P.
(Q. 14) WHEN
DOES F.I.-R. BECOME SUBSTANTIVE EVIDENCE ?
1 . During declaration when a person
deposing about the cause of his death had died(dying declaration).
2. When the injuries are being caused in the
presence of SHO in PS and the injured makes a state- ment to the SHO saying that accused was
3. When the informer who has written the FIR or
read it, fails to recall memory those facts but is, sure that the facts were correctly
represented in FIR at the time he wrote it or read it.
(Q. 15) WHAT
HAPPENS TO THE F.I.R. FINALLY ?
1 When there is sufficient evidence a
CHALLAN is prepared.
2. When there is insufficient evidence, F.I.R is
declared as UNTRACE.
3. When FIR is found to be false or is
transferred to other Police Station on point of jurisdiction, it is decided as CANCELLED.
4. After registering the FIR the contents of the
FIR can not be changed. Only High Court can quash the FIR.
( Q. 16) SPECIAL
REPORT AND ITS IMPORTANCE - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON WHAT HAPPENS TO THE F.I.R.s AS A FOLLOW
The police is required to send the. copy of
F.I.R. to the lllaqa Magistrate immediately after registration of the case u/s 157 Criminal
Procedure Code. and under the rules framed by Police. A special report, primarily the copy of
F.I.R. in cases of heinous nature like murder, dacoity, and all specially reported cases (24.5
P.P.R.) (Punjab Police Rules) is also to be sent immediately after registration of such a case
to the Illaqa Magistrate. Copy of FIR is given to S.P/DCP. of the District for administrative
purpose. Even when a case is registered under minor offence, the special report needs to be
sent, immediately graver offence requiring despatch of special report, is made out. The
magistrate on its receipt gives the date and time of receipt on it and this is guarantee of
its being recorded by Police at the specified date and time given in it. In case of delay in
its despatch to magistrate, there are two presumptions;
(i) That it was not recorded at the time
and date given in it and was antitimed or antidated;
(ii) That the delay had been occasioned due to
preliminary enquiries made by Police to find out culprits or to spin out a story, to introduce
improvements and embellishments and to set up distorted version. An unexplained delay in
sending F.I.R./S.R. evokes suspicion.
In many a case, the delay is explained by police
by coining any excuse as in 1973 Recent Laws 35, it was held to be a usual story of punctured
cycle. The explanation must be satisfactory and acceptable. If no explanation is forthcorn-
ing, then it creates a doubt in the minds of judicial officers as to the genuineness of F.I.R.
Write the statement of Constable who takes
special report to Magistrate separately u/s 161 Criminal Procedure Code. the delay, if any,
should be explained in his statement. The Constable should get the receipt of Magistrate with
time and date on the cover of the envelope and preserve it. Both going and return of Constable
is to be recorded in daily dairy (with cause of delay if any).
(a) The F.I.R. shall be sent to the Magistrate
immediately in the Court during Court hours and at his residence thereafter.
(b) If Magistrate concerned is out of station
then to be submitted to Duty Magistrate.
(c) If Magistrate is not available after Court
hours then the mes- senger will leave at his residence giving the date and hour of delivery on
(d) If an account of difficulties in
communication or other rea- sons the delivery is delayed the reasons and delay shall be
recorded on the cover.
(e) The Magistrate shall put his initials and the
date and hour of receipt.
(Q. 17) WHAT
IS THE FORMAT OF INFORMATION IN CASE OF NON-COGNIZABLE OFFENCES?
FORMAT OF INFORMATION IN RESPECT OF
NON-CONGIZABLE OFFENCE (N.C.R)
Under Section 155 Criminal
||Date & Time of Report
||Name & Residence of Complaint
||Description of offence with Section
||Direction of occurence time & date
||Name and Full address of witness
What is the DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COMPLAINT & F.I.R.
|1. Made before the Metropolitan
|1. 'Made before the SHO
|2. Complaint can be of cognizable or
Non-cognizable offence. only
|2. FIR lodged in Congnizable offences
|3. Only aggrieved person submit
complaint ul s 195, 198 199 Cr. P.C.
||3. Any person, who has a knowledge of
the happening of cognizable offence.
COMPARISON CHART OF what an F.I.R. IS AND what IS NOT an FIR ?
(Sec. 154. Criminal Procedure Code.)
||F.I.R is NOT
|1.Information relating to cognizable crime.
||1. Rumour, gossip or hearsay.
|2. Given to the officer-in-charge of Police Station.
|3. First in Time.
||3. Telephonic message.
|4. Written or oral.
||4. Information not given to officer-in-charge of
||5. Anonymous communication
From the above, the following
ingredients can be made out:-
1) It must be information relating to the
commission of a cognizable offence.
2) It must be given to an officer-in-charge of a
3) It must be reduced to writing, if given
4) It should be appended by the signature of the
informer (Refusal to sign the report is punishable u/s 180 IPC).
5) It should be read over to the informer.
5) The gist of the information should be entered
in the Station General Diary.
7) A copy should be given forthwith free of cost
to the informer.
Informer must be produced in the court to prove
and corroboration of it.
DO'S AND DON"TS
1. FIR should be lodged immediately.
2. It should be recorded in first person.
3. Attitude/Behavious towards the vicitirn should
4. Technical words should be avoided and as far
as possible language of the inforrner/complainant should be used .
5. Written complaint should be taken.
6. But complainant should be at descrect to give
7. Written statement should be duly signed or
8. Only a report of congnizable offence should be
lodged in FIR.
9. Authentic information should be mentioned in
10. Place, Date & Time of occurrence should
be mentioned in the FIR.
11. Arrival & Departure of the informer
should be mentioned in the FIR as well as Daily Dairy Register.
12. Delay, if any, in registering the case should
be covered in FIR.
13. 1 1 "Ws' should be strictly followed.
14. Description & Role of every accused
involved in the Commission of offence should be covered in FIR.
15. Kind of physical damage & property
destroyed should be mentioned in the FIR. 1
16 Weapon of offence and observation of Scene of
crime should be mentioned in the FIR.
17. Telephone number, if any, of the complainant
should also be mentioned.
18. Four copies of FIR should be prepared
simultaniously by carbon paper process.
19. FIR should be lodged in neat & clean hand
writing and be kept in safe custody being a permanent record.
20. A copy of FIR should be sent to MM concerned
21. A copy of FIR should be provided to the
complainant free of cost.
1. Complainant. should not be puzzled.
2. Harsh language should not be used.
3. Aggression should be avoided.
4 . Unnecessary details should be avoided.
5 . Over-writing/ scoring should be avoided.
6 . Offence should not be minimized.
7 . Do not forget to take thimb impression or
signature of the informer.
8 . FIR should not be lodged on the basis of
telephone telegram or hearsay rumour without verifying the facts and getting the signature of
the informer/ complainant.
WHAT ACTION CAN BE EXPECTED FROM THE POLICE IN NON-COGNIZABLE OFFENCE.
1. The information regarding non-cognizable
offence ought to get lodged in the Daily Diary Register.
2. Complainant ought to get advised &
briefed properly to approach the Court.
3. Police officer can not investigate into the
Non-congnizable cases without the order of the court hence complainant should be informed.
4. A copy of DD entry duly signed ought to be
provided to the complainant free ocost.
5. If orders regarding investigation into
non-cognizable cases is received the same procedure should be adopted as in the
6. Orders of the court should be obtained to
arrest the accused in Non congnizable cases after the investigation .
7. If one of the offences in the commission of
crime is cognizable office then Non-congnizable offence should also be investigated in the
same manner( as Cognizable offences are investigated.
WHAT DOES THE POLICE DO WHEN THE COMPLAINTS ARE DOUBTFUL.
in accordance with P.P.R. 24.4. if the
information or other intelligent relating to the alleged commission of a cognizable offence is
such that an officer-in-charge of the police station has reason to suspect that the alleged
offence has not been committed, he shall record the same in the station diary alongwith his
reasons for not investigating the crime and also nulify the informer.
(i) Inspector or Supervising Officer can direct
the investigation in such case and may send the report to the District Magistrate for perusal
(ii) If such information or intelligence relates
to commission of offence uls 489 IPC, the same shall be recorded uls 154 Criminal Procedure
Code. in the station diary as well as the special report as per P.P.R. 24.16 shall be
submitted and also the source of movement of the note at which cognizable offence appears to
have been made committed, in that case, a case shall be regis- tered in the police station
concerned and investigation u/s 157 Criminal Procedure Code. shall be made
(Q. 21) what if
any one gives false information to the police ?
See. 177 IPC. Furnishing false information
'Whoever, being legally bound to furnish
information on any subject to any public servant, as such, furnishes, as true, information on
the subject which he knows or has reason to believe to be false, shall be punished with simple
imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months.' or with fine which may extend to one
thousand rupees, or with both.
Or, if the information which he is legally bound
to give respects the commis- sion of an offence, or is required for the purpose of preventing
the cornmis- sion.of an offence, or in order to the apprehension of an offender, with im
prisonment of either descriptionfor a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or
Sec. 182 IPC: "False information with
intent to cause public servant to use his power to the injury of another person.
'Whoever gives to any public servant any
inforrnation which he knows or believes to be false, intending thereby to cause, or knowing it
to be likely that he will thereby cause, such public servant
(a) to do or omit anything which such public
servant ought not to do or omit if the true state offacts respecting which such infor- mation
is given were known by him, or
(b) to use the lawful power of such public
servant to the injury or annoyance of any person.
shall be punished with imprisonment of either
description for a term which may extend to six months, or u,,ith fine which may extend to one
thousand rupees, or u7ith both.
False charge of offence made with intent to
'Whoever, with intent to cause injury to any
person, Institutes or causes to be instituted any criminalproceeding against thatperson, or
falsely charges any person with having committed an offence, knowing that there is nojust or
lawful groundfor suchproceeding or charge against thatperson, shall be punished u7ith
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or udthfzne, or
And if such criminal proceeding be instituted on
a false charge of an offence punishable with death, imprisonrnentfor life or imprisonment for
seven years or upwards, shall be punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term
which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine'.
(Q. 22) WHAT IF A
POLICEMAN RECORDS YOUR F.I.R. WRONGLY ?
Sec. 167 IPC: Public servant disobeying law,
with intent to cause injury to any person.
Whoever, being a public servant, and being, as
suchpublic servant, charged with the preparation or translation of any document, frames or
translates that document in a manner which he knows or believes to be incorrect, in- tending
thereby to cause or knowing it to be likely that he may thereby cause injury to any person,
shall be punished udth imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three
years, or with fine, or with both'.
Sec.218 IPC:- Public servant framing incorrect
record or writing with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture.
Whoever, being a public servant, and being
as such public servant, charged with the preparation of any record or other writing, frames
that record or writing in a manner which he knows to be incorrect, uath intent to cause, or
knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, loss or injury to the public or to any
person, or with intent thereby to save, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby save,
any person from legal punishment, or with intent to save, or knowing that he is likely thereby
to save, any property from forfeiture or other charge to which it is liable by law, shall be
punished with im- prisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years,
or withfine, or with both.
If the informer gives false report,. he is liable
to be prosecuted u/s 182 or 211 IPC which are as follows:
Sec. 166 IPC:
Public servant disobeying law, with intent to
cause injury to any person.
"Whoever, bring a public servant, knowingly
disobeys any direction of law as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such public
servant, intending to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will, by such disobedience,
cause injury to any person, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may
extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.
Sec. 217 IPC:
Public servant disobeying direction of law with
intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture.
"Whoever , being a public servant, knowingly
disobeys any direction of the law as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such
public servant, intending thereby to save, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby
save, any person from legal punishment, or subject him to a less punishment than that to which
he is liable, or with intent to save, or knowing that he is likely thereby to save, any
property from forfeiture or any charge to which it is liable by law, shall be punished with
imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or